Righteous Father John of
This divinely-enlightened Harp of the Spirit was at the same time one of the Church's greatest hymnographers and one of Her greatest theologians and defenders of the Faith.
The city of
John, whose exceptional education included a
perfect knowledge of both Greek and Arabic, entered the civil administration
and eventually succeeded to his father's position under the Caliph. When the Emperor
Leo the Isaurian began to attack the holy icons,
So the wicked Emperor circulated a forged letter which
made it appear that John was plotting against the Caliph. When this letter fell
(as planned) into the Caliph's hands, he was furious, and ordered that the
Saint's right hand be cut off. That evening John placed his severed hand before
the icon of the Mother of God and prayed with tears that it might be restored.
On awaking he found that his hand had been miraculously restored to him. The
miracle convinced the Caliph of his counsellor's innocence, and John was
restored to favour; but now John wanted nothing more of worldly honour and
wished only to be a monk. Giving up his position, he distributed his fortune
among the poor and left for
The Abbot of the monastery put John under an Elder who ordered him to have nothing to do with philosophy, science, poetry, chanting or reading, but to give himself uncomplainingly to menial tasks so as to advance in humility. This the Saint did. Some time later, however, a monk grieving over his brother's death persuaded John to write a funeral hymn for his consolation. Out of compassion, John wrote the hymn which is used to this day in the Funeral Service. For his disobedience, John was given the job of cleaning all the latrines of the monastery by hand, which, again, he did without complaint. A few days later the Theotokos appeared to the Elder and told him to allow John to compose hymns and poems, which, she told, him, would surpass the Psalms of David in beauty and grace.
Thus the monk John began to write the large body of inspired hymns which grace the Church's services. Among these are the Canon chanted at the Pascha Service, as well as most of the Resurrectional hymns of the Octoechos. Saint John's poetical gifts were matched by his gifts for expressing the Church's theology: he composed a powerful defense of the icons (in print under the title On the Holy Images), a complete exposition of the Orthodox Faith (On the Orthodox Faith), and the first written refutation of Islam, which he had come to understand well while serving in the Caliph's court.
In old age, John was ordained a priest by the Patriarch of Jerusalem. He reposed in peace in 760 at the age of eighty-four.
Sources: Ancient Faith Radio